MIDI/USB THREE 61-NOTE KEYBOARD & 32-NOTE BASS PEDAL ENCODERS & 40 THUMB PISTON SWITCHES & THREE EXPRESSION PEDAL INPUTS



Description:

This design is a single board MIDI encoder capable of encoding three 61-Note keyboards, one 32-Note Bass pedal, 40 Thumb Piston switch inputs and 3 Expression pedal encoders unit. The keyboards operate on MIDI Channels 1, 2 and 3. The Bass pedal unit operates on MIDI Channel 6. The Thumb Piston Switch Inputs operates on MIDI Channel 9. The Expression Pedal Inputs operates on MIDI Channel 12.

The three keyboard units can work with any number of momentary action, normally open, push to make, single pole single throw (SPST), switches from 1 up to 61 to produce the equivalent MIDI note-on/note-off data commands. The Bass pedal encoder can work with any number of pedal switches up to 32. The Thumb Piston Switch Inputs encoder can work with any number of switches up to 40. The unit can operate with any number of Expression pedals up to 3. The 3 Expression pedals use MIDI Control Change (CC) numbers CC7, CC8 and CC9.

Note: The analog inputs for the expression pedals should be connected to the Ground (GND) Pin if unused. Otherwise random MIDI Expression values will be produced, due to noise/interference pickup on the inputs.

The encoded switches are wired via IN4148 diodes. Any unused keys/notes can be left unconnected.

This unit can work in standard MIDI mode and via the USB connection. It defaults to standard MIDI Baud rate of 31250. By replacing the original firmware on Mega8u2/16U2, the Arduino Uno will act as USB-MIDI device (Standard Midi Class), you do not need to install additional device drivers on Windows, MaxOSX, and Linux, as the firmware acts as a device of Standard Midi Class. It will automatically install on the system as an Audio USB Device.

Operation:

This unit can be connected to new keyboards or it can be used with an older non-MIDI keyboard by using magnetic/reed switches to isolate the old and new scanning circuits. This will allow the older keyboard synthesizer to continue to operate as normal while also providing a MIDI output.

MIDI Encoder Switch Wiring:

The three keyboard switches are organized in a 8 x 8 matrix (up to 61 switches) arrangement. Note if less than 61 switches are required, then ONLY the switches required need to be wired

The Bass pedalboard switches are organized in a 8 x 4 matrix (up to 32 switches) arrangement. Note if less than 32 switches are required, then ONLY the switches required need to be wired

The Thumb Piston switches are organized in a 8 x 5 matrix (up to 40 switches) arrangement. Note if less than 40 switches are required, then ONLY the switches required need to be wired

Expression Pedals Jack Socket Wiring:

Variable potentiometer pedals can use a MONO or STEREO jack socket. So either a standard 6.3mm style switched 2-pole MONO jack socket with 2-poles switched upon insertion of the jack plug, with switched normally closed contacts available in 2-pole or a standard 6.3mm style switched 3-pole STEREO jack socket with 3-poles switched upon insertion of the jack plug are required.

Power Supply:

External power can come either from an AC-to-DC adapter or battery. The adapter can be connected by plugging a 2.1mm center-positive plug  into the board's power jack.

The board can operate on an external supply of 7 to 20 volts. If supplied with less than 7V, however, the 5V pin may supply less than five volts and the board may be unstable. If using more than 12V, the voltage regulator may overheat and damage the board. The recommended range is 7 to 12 volts.


Features:

The MIDI/USB 3x61 Note Keyboards, 32 Note Bass Pedal, 40 Thumb Piston and 3 Expression pedal encoders unit consists of:
  • An assembled, built and tested Arduino board including a suitable pre-programmed microcontroller,
  • The velocity byte is preset to a value of 100,
  • The MIDI keyboard channels are preset to channels 1, 2 and 3, 
  • MIDI keyboard start notes are from note C2 (MIDI Note 36),
  • The MIDI Bass Pedalboard channel is preset to channel 6,
  • MIDI Bass Pedalboard start note is from note C1 (MIDI Note 24),
  • The MIDI Thumb Piston channel is preset to channel 9,
  • MIDI Bass Pedalboard start note is from note C2 (MIDI Note 36),
  • The MIDI Expression pedal channel is preset to channel 12,
  • Other MIDI velocity values, Channels and start notes can be pre-programmed into the firmware on request,
  • A 2.1mm power socket, and associated LED,
  • A MIDI activity LED,
  • A MIDI 5-pin DIN output socket and associated series resistors.
The MIDI/USB 3x61 Note Keyboards, 32 Note Bass Pedal, 40 Thumb Piston and 3 Expression pedal encoders unit requires:
  • a 9v battery or equivalent DC power source
  • Suitable key-switches or magnetic reed switches and associated IN4148 diodes
  • Suitable Thumb Piston switches and associated IN4148 diodes
  • Suitable Jack sockets for 3 expression pedals

Resources:

The MIDI/USB 3x61 Note Keyboards, 32 Note Bass Pedal, 40 Thumb Piston and 3 Expression pedal encoders Unit Resources:
MIDI/USB THREE 61-NOTE KEYBOARD & 32-NOTE BASS PEDAL ENCODERS & 40 THUMB PISTON SWITCHES & THREE EXPRESSION PEDAL INPUTS

ITEM#: MIDI/USB 3x61 Note Keyboards, 32 Note Bass Pedal, 40 Thumb Piston and 3 Expression pedal encoders

PRICE:  €74.95

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